The role of chemistry in society
(i) Washing/cleaning with soap:Washing/cleaning is a chemical process that involves interaction of water, soap and dirt so as to remove the dirt from a garment.
(ii) Understanding chemicals of life:Living things grow, respire and feed. The formation and growth of cells involve chemical processes in living things using carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins.
(iii) Baking:Adding baking powder to dough and then heating in an oven involves interactions that require understanding of chemistry.
(iv) Medicine:Discovery, test, prescription and dosage of drugs to be used for medicinal purposes require advanced understanding of chemistry
(v) Fractional distillation of crude oil:Crude oil is fractional distilled to useful portions like petrol, diesel, kerosene by applying chemistry.
(vi) Manufacture of synthetic compounds/substances:Large amounts of plastics, glass, fertilizers, insecticides, soaps, cements, are manufactured worldwide. Advanced understanding of the chemical processes involved is a requirement.
(vii) Diagnosis/test for abnormal body functions:If the body is not functioning normally, it is said to be sick/ill. Laboratory test are done to diagnose the illness/sickness.
The following career fields require Chemistry as one of subject areas of advanced/specialized study:(i) Chemical engineering/Chemical engineer.
(ii) Veterinary medicine/Veterinary doctor.
(iii) Medicine/Medical doctor/Pharmacist/Nurse.
(v) Teaching/Chemistry teacher.